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              PETS公共英語
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              2019年全國英語等級考試三級精選模擬試題3套閱讀B
              來源:學易網校 2019/5/20 12:59:00 【字體:放大正常縮小】【打印頁面

              全國英語等級考試語法輔導公共英語語法輔導PETS語法輔導

                全國英語等級考試三級模擬試題:閱讀B
                “Hi there.How's it going?”
                “Oh,fine.Fine.How about this weather,huh?”
                “Well,I guess we can always use the rain.”
                What's that?This story?Oh,just a little look at small talk.You know,those seemingly meaningless conversations you have dozens of times a day,Maybe you're waiting for the elevator.
                Or in a line at the bank.It all seems pretty trivial.Idle chatter about traffic doesn't do much more than fill the air with empty words that are quickly forgotten.But you should know that small talk actually has a big place in our lives.
                Pat Oliver,assistant professor on arts,says that,“Left unchecked,small talk can be an invasion.It's so powerful.It does something to you.”“Every morning after spending an hour and a half on the freeway I start the day with small talk with my secretary,”Oliver says,“If I don't make small connection with another person,I can't work.”
                What causes it?As a rule,you're either trying to force something into your life,or you're using conversation as an invisible force field to keep them out.You can be wanting to connect with another person,and small talk is your introduction to more meaningful conversation.
                The way people use small talk is usually determined by where they happen to be at the time.
                Take the elevator,for instance.Now there's prime territory.Nobody knows anyone and there's no reason to start a conversation,but invariably,someone does.Making conversation in such peaceful social settings,according to Oliver,“can confirm your territory.It's a way of feeling liked and accepted.”
                The topics of small talk don't matter.In fact,you don't want anything more taxing than the weather or the traffic.It's non-threatening talk in a threatening situation.However,the rules change quickly when you're with lots of people doing lots of talking.
                Let's say you're at a party.Now it's time to use small talk as a way of making others feel more comfortable around you,so you don't look silly standing by the food table alone all night.
                1、According to the author,topics of small talk may include comments on________.
                A.some political issues
                B.one's physical condition
                C.other's ways of dress
                D.the traffic jam
                參考答案:D
                參考解析:推理題.文中說瑣談一般都是關于天氣和交通的無實質內容的、輕松的話題,故選D.
                3、According to the author,small talk is often used ____________.
                A.to invade other's private affairs
                B.to share a secret between intimate friends
                C.to open and maintain channels of communication
                D.to protect one's own privacy
                參考答案:C
                參考解析:推理題.由文章倒數第四段第二句話“You Call be waning to connect with another person,and small talks is your introduction to more meaningful conversation.”可知,當我們想與他人進行交流時,瑣談可把我們引入更為嚴肅、正式的話題,由此可判斷瑣談可起到建立和維持溝通渠道的作用,這與C項表述一致.故選C.
                3、According to the author,at a big party,small talk is used with the purpose of_______.
                A.making both others and yourself feel at ease
                B.excluding those you don't like from joining you
                C.keeping your voice low so only your friends can hear you
                D.comforting those who feel lonely.
                參考答案:A
                參考解析:推理題.最后一段意思是“利用瑣談來使你周圍的人感到舒服,這樣你也不會獨自在餐桌旁站一個晚上了,看上去傻乎乎的”.A項“使自己和別人都感到放松”與此相符.故選A.
                4、Why is small talk described as“non-threatening talk in a threatening situation”?
                A]It is used by people to encourage those who are confronted with danger.
                B.It is used to show that one is enthusiastic and hospitable.
                C.It is used to create a more friendly atmosphere and to avoid embarrassment.
                D.It is used by people to protect others in the threatening situation.
                參考答案:C
                參考解析:推理題.從文章最后一段可以看出,瑣談的一個重要作用就是在一些場合使得自己和周圍的人感到放松.且從談話的內容來看,說話的人只是想營造一種氣氛.故選C.
                5、“Small talk”,as interpreted by the author,________.
                A.has no real function in communication at all
                B.is usually meaningless and therefore useless
                C.is not as idle as it may seem to be
                D.is restricted to certain topics only
                參考答案:C
                參考解析:主旨題.從整篇文章來看,作者的意思是說瑣談看上去沒什么意義,但是卻能起到很重要的作用,例如將交談雙方引入一些更重要的談話或者是打破冷場的局面.這與C項表述一致.A、B兩項曲解了文意.D項“瑣談的話題有嚴格的限制”,與文章倒數第二段第一句“The topics of small talk don’t matter.”相悖.故選C.
                參考譯文
                “你好.最近怎樣?”
                “哦,很好,很好.今天天氣怎么樣,哈?”
                “我想我們這兒會一直下雨.”
                上面講的是什么?一則故事?噢,這只是關于瑣談的一瞥.你知道,每天你碰到幾十次這種看上去沒什么意義的瑣談,或在等電梯的時候.或是在銀行排隊的時候.這種談話都顯得很瑣碎.打發時間的談談交通和不說話沒什么兩樣,轉眼就被遺忘了.但是你要知道這樣的瑣談在我們的生活中具有重要的地位.
                帕特.奧利弗是藝術學的教授助理,他說“雖然沒被證實,但是瑣談可以是一種進攻,它的力量很強大,會對你造成影響.”“每天早上在高速公路上花一個半小時到達辦公室之后,我跟我的秘書進行一些瑣談來開始一天的工作,”奧利弗說,“如果不跟別人進行一些簡單的交流的話我就沒辦法工作.”
                這種情況是怎么造成的呢?按規律來說,你不是想要利用談話強行將一些東西帶進自己的生活,就是把談話當作一種無形的力量將某些事物排除在你的生活之外.你也許是正想與某人交流,瑣談可將你們引入更有意義的談話.
                人們進行瑣談的方式通常是由當時所處的環境所決定的.以搭電梯的時候為例,現在這是一片原始的領域,誰也不認識誰并且也沒有理由開始一次交談,但總是會有人第一個說話.根據奧利弗的說法在這樣一個平和的社會環境下交談“可以鞏固自己的領域.你可以通過它感受自己是否被別人喜愛和接受”.
                瑣談的主題并不重要.實際上,你不會想要任何比天氣或者是交通更沉重的話題.這是在具有威脅性的情形下進行的沒有威脅的談話.然而.當你同時跟很多人在一起進行大量交談的時候,規則是在飛快的變化的.
                讓我們假設你參加一次聚會.現在是時候利用瑣談來使你周圍的人感到自在和放松了,這樣你也不會傻傻地獨自在餐桌邊站一個晚上了。

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